Photographing the moon is easier than you might think. By following some simple steps, your photos can turn into amazing lunar images.
The longer the focal range of your lens, the closer you’ll get. Any lens of 200mm or longer will get you close enough to the moon for some great shots. Keep in mind that by taking the image in the camera’s largess resolution and cropping in post processing will make up for any lack of foal distance of your lens.
An area with less light pollution will give the best results. Many websites offer light pollution maps, were you can see which areas in the world has less light pollution.
Use a tripod
Needless to say, stabilizing your camera on a tripod is a basic requirement. If your lens has image stabilization, turn it off.
Manual or aperture priority
Using the camera in aperture priority will normally give a good result. But make sure the camera is set to spot metering, since the moon is much brighter than the night sky, and you want to only measure the light reflecting off the moon’s surface.
Using manual mode will give the best result. Don’t forget the classic rule of matching your shutter speed to the lens focal length. So if your using a 200mm lens, the shutter speed should not go below 1/200 sec. A ISO of 200 and aperture of f/16 should give a good result.
If you think those setting sounds familiar, they should. The classic Sunny 16 rule also applies when shooting the moon, which is not surprising since the light reflecting off the moon is the light of the sun.